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Wood and wood fiber are found in thousands of different products that meet a variety of human needs. Accessible forests have been increasingly harvested around the globe, although relatively untouched areas still exist in isolated regions such as Siberia. Nevertheless, due to rising awareness of the problems associated with deforestation and biodiversity loss, there is increasing protection for primary forests, especially rare or endangered ecosystems. As much as 10 percent of the earth's forested areas are designated for conservation, yet the degree of protection varies by country and region.

Transition to plantation forestry is rapidly expanding, although less than 5 percent of global forests are currently within plantations. Large-scale, industrial production is used to produce low-cost lumber and paper products. Plantations cannot be considered a replacement ...

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