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Technology-Based Standards

Technology-based standards are the current legal basis for regulating pollution in American federal law. These new standards are more stringent and have replaced older demanding standards. They can be found in newer legislation affecting the removal of pollution from the environment. Until the 1970s, federal environmental policy focused on conservation as its approach to managing the environment. Pollution control was left to the states. In 1970 a dramatic shift occurred with the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Environmental policy shifted from management to regulatory control. Pollution became a national priority. By 2000, Congress had adopted at least 12 major environment acts and had amended them numerous times. This legislation created new standards for each kind of pollution or industry.

In the 1970s, the focus ...

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