Carnival and Festival

Festival and carnival are collective celebrations, rooted in themes related to the social life of communities that host them. On approximately the same date each year, a festival or carnival recurs, emphasizing its significance to all who attend as they are equally affected by the calendar. Characterized by a wide range of performance forms that enact ideas and relationships central to a people's definition of themselves and their cosmos, festival and carnival are also laced with humor. This entry provides a definition of these celebratory events.


Festival and carnival, such as the Nottingham Carnival in London or the Trinidad Carnival, are prevalent in small communities and large urban areas, but their roots reach back to ancient forms of celebration. As they have been documented for centuries ...

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