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St. Augustine (354–430 CE) was Bishop of Hippo, in North Africa, in the last decades of the Roman Empire. A towering figure of Western thought, Augustine’s intellectual influence on philosophy and theology has extended for more than 14 centuries in fields far beyond Catholic Christianity. Admired by Protestants as much as by Catholics, his wider impact has been on philosophy, literary history, and theory. Historians of the late Roman Empire remain indebted to the insights his autobiographical Confessions provided of daily and especially academic life before the fall of Rome. After outlining salient features of his life, this entry will focus on those elements of his thought that have relevance for religious education, and for moral education more generally.

Augustine’s early education was Christian; his mother, ...

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