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Known as the founder of the movement, theories, techniques, and clinical practices of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) was one of the most influential figures of the 20th century, who revolutionized our understanding of the mind and its realms of the unconscious and the conscious, and of sexuality. He viewed each of us as being a stranger to ourselves and proposed a depth psychology that grappled with the conflicts that lay hidden from us—between love and hate, happiness and unhappiness, history and memory, life and death, and union and separation. Freud perceived psychological suffering as emerging from the loss of love and from forgotten or repressed incidents from the individual’s childhood history. Recognizing the psychological fact of the human’s slow maturation, and prolonged helplessness and vulnerability ...

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