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Social Capital

Social capital refers to how individuals use social networks or the relationships between people to foster advantage and activate resources that facilitate achievement. As a theory, social capital is used across disciplines including political science, economics, and sociology. In education, social capital is primarily used to explain inequalities among and between groups, such as differences in test scores or college enrollment rates. Prevailing logic suggests that the more social capital one has, the greater is one’s ability to achieve well-being, or the attainment of one’s life needs and aspirations. This entry considers the major definitions of social capital, as well as major empirical evidence and theoretical developments in social capital theory.

What Is Social Capital?

Understanding social capital involves recognizing the construct of capital more broadly ...

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