In the social sciences, discrimination refers to the differential treatment of people as a function of their group membership. Because many people experience discrimination over the course of their lives, and because people may discriminate without conscious awareness, discrimination is an extremely relevant topic within educational psychology. This entry defines discrimination and then explains its causes and consequences. Finally, several attempts to combat discrimination will be described.

Definition of Discrimination

Discrimination includes differences in verbal and non-verbal behavior, such as when a White interviewer makes speech errors or less eye contact when interacting with an African American as opposed to a White job applicant. Discrimination may also be blatant or subtle in form, and it may be intentional or unintentional. For instance, discrimination may include obvious ...

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