Relationships outside the household become increasingly important as a child moves through adolescence. One way to view these relationships is through cliques, which can be defined in two ways: (1) Researchers define a clique as a grouping of persons who interact with each other more regularly and intensely than others in the same setting (a more neutral definition), and (2) the more popular definition by layper-sons is a social grouping of persons that exhibits a great deal of peer pressure on its members and is exclusive, based on superficial differences (a more negative definition).

No matter which definition is chosen, cliques exhibit common criteria. Cliques are a small social group of anywhere between 2 and 12 persons, typically averaging around 6. They are created based on ...

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