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Standardized Tests

A standardized test is one that is developed to maximize the comparability of scores by providing all examinees with the same (or parallel) content that is administered and scored in a consistent manner. The term standardized test is frequently used incorrectly as a synonym for a multiple-choice test, norm-referenced test, or commercially developed test. Standardized tests can be norm-referenced, criterion-referenced, or standards-based. They can contain one or more of a variety of different item types.

Standardization is not a binary concept. Tests can standardize fewer or more of the conditions of development, administration, and scoring and provide more or less specificity for each condition.


In approximately 2200 B.C.E., a formal system of civil service examinations was begun in China. There is no record of the content or ...

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