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Four senses of the term literacy can be distinguished. First, literacy is simply the ability to read and write; it is the set of basic skills that provide individuals with entry into the realms of written language and communication. Second, literacy is sufficient competence in reading, writing, and computation (numeracy) required to meet the demands of daily life. In this second sense, literacy represents a threshold of functional competencies that allow an individual to adapt to the demands of a complex and technologically sophisticated society. It is a pragmatic perspective linked to skills essential to employment, personal finances, consumer behaviors, and family life.

Third, literacy is the state of being highly educated, well read, well informed, and knowledgeable in the realms of culture, art, music, ...

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