• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

Middle School Reform
Middle school reform

National policy makers are increasingly recognizing the need for more intensive focus on improving middle grades education, especially as recent research has shown how low attendance, course failure, or misbehavior in sixth grade are strong predictors of an eventual high school dropout outcome (Balfanz, Herzog, & Mac Iver, 2007). The problem of low-performing middle schools has led policy makers to focus increasingly on structural reforms or governance reforms. Many appear to have lost faith in the ability of middle school reform movement to accomplish the kind of changes necessary to assure that students leave the middle grades ready for high school. The middle school concept has often been reduced to a set of key practices (e.g., interdisciplinary team teaching, flexible ...

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