• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

Gender Issues and Schooling
Gender issues and schooling

Are girls less confident than boys? Is there a gender gap in achievement, and if so, does it matter? Have gaps in achievement changed over time? Do boys misbehave more than girls? Questions related to gender differences in schooling are discussed in this chapter. One controversy is whether differences between girls and boys in motivation, achievement, or classroom behaviors are because of sex differences or gender differences. Sex differences refer to biological, innate, and/or physiological characteristics associated with males or females; for example, women can become pregnant, whereas men cannot. Generally, men are taller and stronger than women (although individual variations exist). In contrast, gender differences refer to cultural differences that are constructed through social interactions, social expectations, ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles