• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

School Choice
School choice

This chapter reviews research on school choice programs, whose core objective is to provide high-quality educational options to students and their families. Advocates believe school choice programs will bring market forces to bear on underperforming public schools (Chubb & Moe, 1990). According to economic theory, the “inefficiency of public school districts might be reduced by increased private incentives to monitor by consumer-voters” (Kang & Greene, 2002, p. 5). In other words, competition should result in greater efficiency (i.e., higher test scores) as families behave more like educational consumers. Such consumer monitoring, as in other markets, should favor more efficient providers at the expense of those less efficient.

Many choice programs also attempt to address the issue of educational equity. In general, wealthier families ...

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