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21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

Teacher-Student Relationships
Teacher-student relationships

Over the past 2 decades, teacher-child relationships have become a central focus of both theory and research, and this research has found that the relationships children form with their teachers play an important role in child development (see Pianta, 1999; Pianta, Hamre, & Stuhlman, 2003). Although the relationships that children form with their parents have long been accepted as having a tremendous impact on child development (e.g., Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978), only more recently have researchers begun to acknowledge that development is influenced by relationships that occur in a number of environments, including home, day care, and school. Subsequent research on teacher-child relationships demonstrates that teacher-child relationship quality is related to student achievement as well as social competence (e.g., Burchinal, ...

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