• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.


Nearly every professional in the field of education is familiar with the term inclusion, and most of them have a definite opinion about its merit. For over 2 decades, inclusion has been defined, discussed, dissected, and debated (e.g., Connor & Ferri, 2006). It has been praised as forward thinking and vilified as irresponsible. Now in the current era of school reform, attention is focused as never before on this often-mentioned, frequently misunderstood belief (Artiles, Harris-Murri, & Rostenberg, 2006; McLeskey & Waldron, 2007a). Thus, it is important to clarify the meaning of inclusion; examine the development of inclusion in American public schools; clarify the role of inclusion in contemporary education; and reflect on the risks, opportunities, and issues associated with it.

Understanding Inclusion

The term inclusion does ...

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