• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.


School counselors contribute to the academic mission of schools by delivering comprehensive developmental counseling and guidance programs to enhance the academic, career, and personal development of all students. In this chapter, we briefly describe school counselors historically. We then clarify the current vision of school counseling and discuss the obstacles that school counselors face when they seek to implement this model. We discuss the school counselor as a person and review what is known about job satisfaction, job stability, and job prospects in this profession. We review the theoretical underpinnings of school counseling as a profession and review the methods and approaches used in practice. Since at least 1964, school counselors in the United States have been employed in elementary schools; counselors in secondary ...

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