• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

Self-Regulated Learning
Self-regulated learning

Early psychological theorizing about learning was grounded in behaviorism. Behaviorism posited that human behavior is shaped and controlled externally through stimuli and reinforcers. In contrast, contemporary perspectives recognize that people are not just shaped by environmental input, but also play a role in controlling their own learning and outcomes. This ability to control and shape outcomes is often called human agency. In his social learning theory, Albert Bandura suggested that agency, or the capacity to intentionally plan for, control, and reflect upon our actions, is what makes us human. Understanding the processes by which learners set goals, plan for, execute, and reflectively refine and adapt learning is a primary focus of self-regulated learning theory. In recent years, self-regulated learning has been recognized ...

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