• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans.Key Features:· Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career· Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters· Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction· Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.

Development: 6–8
Development: 6–8

During the middle school years (Grades 6 to 8), young people go through many significant and rapid developmental transitions (Lerner et al., 1996). Although the most notable and visible transition during this developmental period is puberty and the related biological changes that occur, early adolescence is a time of significant cognitive and social transitions as well. Scholars have suggested that, aside from early childhood, there is no other developmental period in which individuals undergo so many changes so rapidly (Lerner et al., 1996). These developmental transitions both affect and are affected by the social contexts in which early adolescents engage. Additionally, the interaction of these developmental transitions and the contexts in which early adolescents are engaged lead to several critical issues, such ...

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