Research indicates that educators frequently avoid public discussions of racial disparities in critical domains of schooling, such as tracking, discipline, and teaching and learning outcomes. Courageous Conversations About Race is a protocol or guideline for engaging educators and community stakeholders in a productive discussion about the role that race and institutional racism play in student engagement in school-based settings. This entry describes the frame educators use currently to discuss racial achievement disparities without reference to race or racism and delineates the components of the Courageous Conversation protocol.

Background: The Need

The academic achievement gap is characterized by low test performance by African American, Native American, Latino, and many refugee Asian student groups, compared with higher performance by White and other Asian student groups. Researchers have demonstrated that ...

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