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Disaster governance is the way society as a whole manages its full array of disaster risks, which may be triggered by geological hazards (such as earthquakes); climate change and hydro-meteorological hazards (such as floods and cyclones); and conflict and war, in order to sustain development, human welfare, and dignity. It promotes the notion that there are many overlapping arenas (or centers) of authority for decision making and responsibility for disaster risk reduction. These arenas exist at all scales and levels, from individuals and local community groups to national governments (executive and legislative) and international institutions and organizations.

Given the fact that not all disaster risks can be totally eliminated, organizations and institutions often adopt a disaster risk reduction approach, mainly through disaster risk management options such ...

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