Response to a disaster is the activation, mobilization, and coordinated distribution of resources to manage the immediate impacts of an emergency event. The primary purpose of emergency response is to minimize the loss of life and the impact of damages within the community and on the environment when a disaster occurs. The effectiveness and efficiency of the response to a disaster is largely dependent upon the quality of the efforts such as disaster planning, which takes place prior to the occurrence of a disaster.

Within the context of the four phases of emergency management (mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery), disaster response often begins with the deployment of resources such as personnel and equipment within a community and concludes when the local community is able to begin ...

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