Strengthening preparedness for response is one of five priorities outlined by the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) toward a substantial reduction in disaster losses worldwide. Preparedness, one of the phases of disaster risk management, has been proven to play a significant role in saving lives and livelihoods when fully integrated into a holistic disaster risk reduction strategy. The function of preparedness has two main objectives: predicting and monitoring conditions prior to an event in order to reduce damage; and strengthening skills needed to respond appropriately to a shock or disaster, assisting those affected. All elements that need to be aligned to meet these objectives are components of the preparedness package.

Preparedness represents the knowledge and capacities developed to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from hazard ...

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