This volume in The SAGE Reference Series on Disability explores issues involving disability through the life courses, and is one of eight volumes in the cross-disciplinary and issues-based series, which examines topics central to the lives of individuals with disabilities and their families. With a balance of history, theory, research, and application, specialists set out the findings and implications of research and practice for others whose current or future work involves the care and/or study of those with disabilities, as well as for the disabled themselves. The concise, engaging presentational style emphasizes accessibility. Taken individually, each volume sets out the fundamentals of the topic it addresses, accompanied by compiled data and statistics, recommended further readings, a guide to organizations and associations, and other annotated resources, thus providing the ideal introductory platform and gateway for further study. Taken together, the series represents both a survey of major disability issues and a guide to new directions and trends and contemporary resources in the field as a whole.
Chapter 3: Chronology of Critical Events
Chronology of Critical Events
Sir Francis Galton, half first cousin of Charles Darwin, defines the term eugenics (which he first coined in 1883) in a paper he presents to the Sociological Society on May 16. He argues for planned breeding and discourages people of “sub-normal” and “feebleminded” stock from reproducing.
Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon publish the first intelligence scale in France. The scale is used in both France and the United States to place children into special and segregated schools.
The U.S. Congress passes a joint resolution authorizing creation of a federal commission to investigate the establishment of a system of [Page 104]worker's compensation. The commission focuses on the liability of employers to provide financial compensation to workers who become disabled on ...