The Montessori curriculum is based upon the work of Maria Montessori (18701952), an Italian educator, educational theorist, and student of child development who contributed enormously to the field of curriculum studies. She developed and promoted the enduring Montessori method of schooling and teaching. At the core of her method was an emphasis on the child's experience in a learning environment that was based both on the student's interests and was rigorously structured. The method remains popular in many parts of the world today and represents a child-centered curriculum with self-directed activities and specified areas of learning.

Montessori had an abiding respect for the competence of children, and that fact was served as an underpinning of her child-centered approach to the curriculum. In her approach, students are ...

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