Ottoman Decline and Fragmentation: 1250 to 1920: Middle East

Ottoman decline and fragmentation generally refers to the last two centuries of the Ottoman Empire from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries, when the empire struggled and failed to eventually recover from political, economic, military, and social crises. Recent ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles