• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Crime and Criminal Behavior delves into such hotly debated topics as age of consent, euthanasia and assisted suicide, gambling, guns, internet pornography, marijuana and other drug laws, religious convictions, and terrorism and extremism. From using a faking I.D. to assaulting one’s domestic partner to driving drunk, a vast array of behaviors fit into the definition of criminal. The authors of these 20 chapters examine the historical contexts of each topic and offer arguments both for and against the ways in which legislators and courts have defined and responded to criminal behaviors, addressing the sometimes complex policy considerations involved. Sensitive subjects such as hate crimes are addressed, as are crimes carried out by large groups or states, including war crime and corporate crime. This volume also considers crimes that are difficult to prosecute, such as Internet crime and intellectual property crime, and crimes about which there is disagreement as to whether the behavior harms society or the individual involved (gun control and euthanasia, for example). The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.

Religious Convictions
Religious convictions

The sanctioning of such criminal activity as multiple murders, mass suicides, drug use, and polygamous relationships including minors creates a conflict in values, especially in legal and religious dictates. Yet, the proliferation of religious exemption laws grant protection from prosecution based on religious affiliation. Despite particular devastations that have occurred under the authority of religious activity in the post-Enlightenment era, four descriptive characteristics theoretically encompass the patterns of the rise and fall of the associated ideologies that condone criminal conduct. First, according to classical social theorist Émile Durkheim, the Enlightenment made rationalism a religion in itself. Second, according to contemporary social theorist Stjepan G. Mestrovic, in the case of postmodern societies, the ideologies of such religions receive sustenance from a combination of ...

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