In 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court issued one of its most important criminal procedure rulings: Miranda v. Arizona, which addresses an individual's Fifth Amendment rights within a custodial interrogation. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides that “[n]o person shall… be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.” This is commonly referred to as the “privilege against self-incrimination:” one has a constitutional right not to incriminate one's self. Traditionally, this right has been interpreted to protect a criminal defendant from being called to testify at his own trial. It also applies to grand jury proceedings, where one has a Fifth Amendment right to refuse to answer questions for which the answer may be incriminatory. However, in Miranda, ...