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Jury System
Jury system

Since its inception, the American jury system has elicited praise while inspiring a wealth of criticism. A jury is a panel of citizens chosen by the justice system to adjudicate a criminal or civil matter in a court of law. Jurisdictions select jurors by employing a series of procedures designed to screen out biased or incompetent jurors. Often, this process takes several weeks and involves the cooperation of judges, lawyers, and prospective jurors. If a citizen survives the jury selection process, he or she will participate in trial, becoming an empanelled or seated juror responsible for considering evidence, applying law, and potentially rendering a verdict.

Social science research has reinvigorated the debate surrounding the American jury system. Citing empirical data, critics of the ...

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