Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.

Chapter 9: Healthcare and Medical Assistance for Prisoners

Healthcare and Medical Assistance for Prisoners

Healthcare and medical assistance for prisoners

In the first decade of the 21st century, the United States, with over 2.2 million persons incarcerated in prisons and jails, had an imprisonment rate of 756 per 100,000 persons. Other industrialized nations, such as New Zealand, incarcerate at a rate of 185 per 100,000, while England and Wales incarcerate at a rate of 153 per 100,000. As a 24/7 operation, prisons and jails are responsible for a number of services utilized by persons in custody, including food, shelter, and medical care. It is estimated that the United States spent over $70 billion on corrections in 2010. In 2001, the Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that U.S. state governments spent 12 percent of their ...

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