Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.

Chapter 8: Gangs and Violence in Prisons

Gangs and Violence in Prisons

Gangs and violence in prisons

There are various definitions for prison gangs, but a generally accepted description is that a prison gang operates within the prison system as a criminally oriented entity that threatens, or is perceived to threaten, the orderly management of a prison. Inmates belonging to a prison gang will often have similar norms, values, and language and have a distinct code of conduct among its members. Many prison officials use the term security threat group (STG) to identify a gang. Prison gangs are usually informally organized along racial or ethnic lines, mimicking and often overlapping the organization of street gangs. Inmates often join gangs as either a means to secure personal protection from other inmates or for economic ...

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