Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.

Chapter 7: Furlough and Work-Release Programs

Furlough and Work-Release Programs

Furlough and work-release programs

In 2007, 751,593 offenders were admitted to state and federal penitentiaries. The same year, 725,402 offenders were released from state and federal penitentiaries. The influx of offenders into prisons and subsequent release of offenders into communities creates a unique set of challenges for policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, offenders, and communities. As such, the criminal justice system has developed a myriad of supervision options, referred to as the continuum of care, to manage the offender population nd help offenders transition back into the community setting.

Furlough and work-release programs are one piece of the corrections continuum of care, designed for offenders nearing the completion of their criminal sentence. The purpose of these programs is to supervise offenders while providing an ...

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