Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 6: Free Speech Rights of Prisoners
Free Speech Rights of Prisoners
Freedom of speech, religion, and freedom from arbitrary punishment are among the basic established rights of U.S. prisoners, but they have not always been. Prisoners' rights were won in the United States as a result of decades of struggle within the prisons, through social movements, and in the courts. There are many countries where rights to free speech for prisoners are not recognized and inmates are punished for speaking out, such as China, Egypt, Libya, and Cuba. Conversely, prisoners in Europe, Canada, and the United States have gained certain rights to free speech. Human rights in general are essential for all human beings, including those who are incarcerated. Globally and in the United States, the battle ...