Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 5: Early Release
Early release from prison is not as simple as the words early and release might suggest. Historical analysis of prison release policies and practices yields a wealth of penal thinking that dates back nearly 140 years. Part of the difficulty in discussing early release stems from the variety of types of release and the legal, political, and social contexts surrounding release decisions. Early release—also commonly called controlled release, conditional release, and/or discretionary release—is the discharge of a prison or jail inmate prior to the end of their legally imposed sentence. This includes (1) compassionate release, for terminally ill inmates who generally cannot care for themselves any longer; (2) parole or probation, which is discretionary or mandatory release to a period of post-incarceration ...