Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Shaming has long been associated with methods of social control throughout the world'history. All three of the major components of the criminal justice system—policing, the courts, and corrections—have played a part in this social process, particularly the correctional system and the courts, from which many of the shaming methods were promulgated. The earliest human shaming elements were much less formal and often involved society'citizens policing themselves in this manner.
Early shaming punishments, which involved public humiliation and degradation, provided physical as well as emotional pain to offenders, and were highly popular in the American colonial period. The punishments, which consisted of public denouncement, banishment, restraint and display in public places, whipping, mutilation, the wearing of signs, and dunking practices were designed to inflict ...