Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 19: Sex Offender Treatment
Sex Offender Treatment
Sex offenders have accounted for an increasing share of the incarcerated population in the United States since the 1970s. Worldwide, research investigating effective methods of treating people convicted of sex crimes has increased dramatically. Although treatment is infrequently available in prison, many people convicted of sex offenses, as well as others without criminal convictions who suffer from sexual addictions, do include treatment in their paths to desistance.
Treatment can prove a challenge to define and apply to sex offenders in prison, but can include surgical intervention, pharmacological intervention, or counseling in the form of talk therapy. Surgical intervention typically involves castration, in the form of the removal of the offender'testes. Pharmacological intervention can include estrogen or antiandrogen therapy (chemical castration), but ...