Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 16: Prison Privatization and Contract Facilities
Prison Privatization and Contract Facilities
In 1984, the newly formed Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) opened the first adult detention facility to be fully managed and run by a private corporation in the United States in over a century. This facility, the Houston Processing Center, was opened under a contract with the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) for the purpose of detaining immigrants facing deportation and administrative hearings. That same year, CCA took over management of the Tall Trees Juvenile Facility in Tennessee, followed in 1985 with the Silverdale Detention Facility in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Since the end of the 1980s, the number of correctional and detainment facilities operated by for-profit corporations in the United States has grown from about ...