Corrections looks at the correctional system and offers arguments for and against the practice of the laws and policies that comprise corrections, from parole and probation to imprisonment, to the application of the death penalty. The 20 included chapters, written by eminent scholars and experts in the fields of criminology, police science, law, sociology, psychology, and other disciplines, take on such contested topics as what the goals of the correctional system should be (deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, or something else?) and how they should be achieved; who should make these decisions; and how to balance the goals of the correctional system with the civil rights of the inmates. Prison conditions and the treatment of prisoners, as well as the changing definition of cruel and unusual punishment, are also examined.The SeriesEach volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.

Chapter 10: Legal Assistance for Prisoners

Legal Assistance for Prisoners

Legal assistance for prisoners

People held in corrections institutions, whether convicted offenders in prisons or pretrial detainees in jail, have a right of access to the courts. This right is necessary so that they can communicate with courts in order to challenge the basis for their confinement, appeal their convictions, or seek protections for their constitutional rights. Although there is broad agreement about the existence of a constitutional right of access to the courts, there are many disagreements about what legal resources, if any, should be provided to prisoners so that they can make use of this right of access. Jailed pretrial detainees, who are criminal suspects charged with crimes and awaiting trial, are represented by attorneys under the right to counsel ...

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