• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The discipline of communication has grown in popularity from the time professors of journalism and speech decided, in the mid-1960s, that the term “communication” was an excellent general descriptor for the theory and research that each group aspired to create.  Over time, the two groups grew closer and recognized significant overlap in their theoretical and research interests, but there were also differences in their traditions that kept them apart.  While both groups agreed that communication is a practical discipline, journalism professors focused a great deal of their attention on the education of media professionals.  Speech professors, on the other hand, often were more oriented to the liberal arts and valued the fact that communication could be approached from a variety of traditions, including the arts, ...

Journalism Ethics
Journalism ethics

Journalism ethics is a dynamic and growing field. Ethical issues in news have been debated since the 1890s, but by the 21st century, journalism ethics had become a major enterprise. Textbooks, workshops for media professionals, research, university courses, professors who specialize in ethics are now commonplace. Advertising and public relations ethics, and entertainment ethics are taken seriously too, but journalism ethics is especially strong.

In 1980, following decades of slow advance, journalism ethics received a major boost from two sources that catapulted the field into the new century. In the United States, the Hastings-Carnegie studies of professional ethics in American higher education were completed that year (Hastings Center, 2000). Journalism was included within the domain called professional ethics, along with highstatus occupations such ...

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