• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The discipline of communication has grown in popularity from the time professors of journalism and speech decided, in the mid-1960s, that the term “communication” was an excellent general descriptor for the theory and research that each group aspired to create.  Over time, the two groups grew closer and recognized significant overlap in their theoretical and research interests, but there were also differences in their traditions that kept them apart.  While both groups agreed that communication is a practical discipline, journalism professors focused a great deal of their attention on the education of media professionals.  Speech professors, on the other hand, often were more oriented to the liberal arts and valued the fact that communication could be approached from a variety of traditions, including the arts, ...

Group Decision Support Systems
Group decision support systems

Agroup decision support system (GDSS) combines communication, computer, and decision technologies to support group decision making, problem solving, and subsequent activities. Communication technologies incorporated into GDSSs include electronic messaging and chat, teleconferencing, document management, calendaring, wikis, and blogs. Computer technologies include portals, service-oriented architectures, and Web-authoring tools. Decision support technologies include agenda setting, decision-modeling methods (such as risk analysis or the Analytic Hierarchy Procedure), structured group methods (such as stakeholder analysis or the Nominal Group Technique), and rules for directing group discussions (such as the Parliamentary Procedure) (DeSanctis & Gallupe, 1987).

Groups engage in a wide variety of activities as they make decisions and solve problems, including information sharing, problem identification and formulation, problem analysis, criteria development, solution identification ...

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