• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The discipline of communication has grown in popularity from the time professors of journalism and speech decided, in the mid-1960s, that the term “communication” was an excellent general descriptor for the theory and research that each group aspired to create.  Over time, the two groups grew closer and recognized significant overlap in their theoretical and research interests, but there were also differences in their traditions that kept them apart.  While both groups agreed that communication is a practical discipline, journalism professors focused a great deal of their attention on the education of media professionals.  Speech professors, on the other hand, often were more oriented to the liberal arts and valued the fact that communication could be approached from a variety of traditions, including the arts, ...

Patients, Doctors, and Other Helping Relationships
Patients, doctors, and other helping relationships

Relationships between patients and providers are an inevitable part of everyday life. Throughout the life cycle, humans have fundamental needs requiring care by diverse medical experts, including (but not limited to) physicians, physicians' assistants, nurses, counselors, and therapists. Medical professionals are trained to address, resolve, and seek healing for a wide variety of health-related biological, social, and psychological problems. Physical and bodily symptoms may be associated with pains, discomforts, and disabilities, restricting full and active participation in daily activities. Variations in lifestyle (e.g., nutrition, exercise, weight, addictions, sleep, and stress) influence both the quality and length of life, as well as behaviors creating and reducing health risks. For example, the American Cancer Society (2008) ...

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