• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The discipline of communication has grown in popularity from the time professors of journalism and speech decided, in the mid-1960s, that the term “communication” was an excellent general descriptor for the theory and research that each group aspired to create.  Over time, the two groups grew closer and recognized significant overlap in their theoretical and research interests, but there were also differences in their traditions that kept them apart.  While both groups agreed that communication is a practical discipline, journalism professors focused a great deal of their attention on the education of media professionals.  Speech professors, on the other hand, often were more oriented to the liberal arts and valued the fact that communication could be approached from a variety of traditions, including the arts, ...

Social Construction
Social construction

Social construction1 is about asking questions (Bartesaghi & Castor, 2009). Before we explain what we mean by this, we will describe social construction as both a framework and a process in communication and illustrate its importance to your everyday ways of acting within social reality.

James Carey (1989) identifies two views of communication that are prevalent in our culture: transmission and ritual. According to the first, to communicate is to exchange information; so we speak of getting a point across, of mismatches between intentions and the actual messages received, of changing minds, and of message content. When we see communication as having to do with building relationships and really talking to each other (Katriel & Philipsen, 1981), with sharing stories about who we ...

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