Goal setting was developed out of social-cognitive theory and involves an individual setting a standard for his or her performance, monitoring, and evaluating the performance against the standard. First, a task for improvement is identified. A goal for the task is then decided upon and recorded for the task. The goal can be set collaboratively with a therapist, teacher, or a parent. Alternatively, the child may set the performance goal. A time frame, or point at which performance will be evaluated, is identified. Goal achievement is evaluated, with the child examining present performance against the goal. For example, on-task behavior for math homework could be targeted. A goal for 10 math problems completed in 10 minutes could be negotiated. At the end of ...

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