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Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
A proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States that aims at securing equality for women before the law. The Equal Rights Amendment was introduced in 1923 by Alice Paul, a lifelong women's political activist of the National Woman's Party. It was preceded by the Nineteenth Amendment, which secured equal suffrage for women in 1920.
To this date, the ERA has not been ratified by the U.S. Congress, although every year since 1982 the amendment has been reintroduced in Congress. Attempts to pass the ERA have been failing since 1920 (the year women won the right to vote), partly due to the conservative backlash against women, although at times, it has gained support. In 1940, for example, the ERA was backed by the Republican Party. ...