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The art of conducting relationships for gain without conflict. Diplomacy seeks maximum national advantage without using force or causing resentment while furthering a state's geographic or economic interests. One maxim in furthering that goal is by quid pro quo; that is, the best way to get information is to exchange an idea for equal or more valuable information possessed by the other party. Methods of diplomacy previously included secret negotiations, information gathering, treaties, and conferences. Current methods also include conflict resolution, peacemaking, scholarships, information dissemination, and the creation of Web sites.

Diplomacy may involve bilateralism, which includes negotiations between two states. Diplomacy may also involve multilateralism, which involves either inter national negotiations among multiple countries or negotiations over more complex issues with more actors, such as ...

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