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A spoken or written exchange of words between two or more people. At its best, dialogue is more than conversation; it serves as an open forum that allows all parties involved to become more aware of the beliefs, opinions, and knowledge of others—hence, to become more informed and to develop broader viewpoints.
In the second half of the 20th century, the American physicist David Bohm began to develop fundamentals for effective dialoguing as a means of sociotherapy for a troubled world and formed collaborations with the Indian philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti and the English psychiatrist Dr. Patrick de Mare. For more information, see Bohm (1996).