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Wire Services/News Groups
News agencies developed in the 19th century for the purpose of collecting news, particularly foreign news, and selling it to newspapers unwilling or unable to finance their own reporters. Although these agencies emerged before the widespread use of telegraphy, they flourished as tele graphy systems spread. News stories were sent by agency reporters down the wire, first to the agency for consolidation and rewriting and then out to newspapers who subscribed to the service. The agencies made sure that the stories were neutral in tone, without political bias. This was necessary as the papers that would publish the stories were widely varied in their editorial views, and removing potentially objectionable bias was essential if the agency wanted to keep and serve all its customers. Agency ...