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An instructional design component in which content is defined and analyzed to address an instructional problem or need. In conducting analysis, content is articulated and then analyzed and sequenced appropriately. The content provides the basis for identi fying instructional objectives and designing instruction.
Task analysis has the critical involvement of a subject matter expert (SME), who provides the instructional designer accurate and detailed information about the content. The instructional designer documents and identifies steps from the learner's perspective.
Generally, three task analysis methods can be used: (1) topic analysis, (2) procedural analysis, and (3) critical incident analysis. The first two analyses apply to concrete content and highly structured tasks that can be easily analyzed (e.g., how to upload photos on the computer). The third analysis is employed ...