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Transparency or openness in government, as when the windows are open and the sun shines in. The technical term is freedom of information laws. In the United States, the first sunshine law, the Freedom of Information Act, was signed into legislation by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966. This act applied only to the federal government. However, all 50 states have their own versions that apply to state govern ments. These laws keep open records on everything a government does, from minutes at meetings to budgetary records. Citizens have a right to request their government for information. There are certain records that are kept secret, such as items related to national security. When a state or federal government refuses to fill a request for information, ...

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