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Tools used to score constructed response assessments, such as essays and performance assess ments. Rubrics can come in various forms, such as checklists, rating scales, or scoring grids or matrices. The purpose of the scoring rubric is to allow the most systematic and objective grading possible. By asking multiple raters to rate a set of constructed response assessments, reliability can be estimated by the level of concordance.

A holistic rubric is used to rate a task as a whole, in which the rater assigns a score based on an overall impression of the performance. Also called global, scoring, or rating rubrics, holistic rubrics allow for faster scoring by the rater. One disadvantage of the holistic rubric is the limited feedback that is available for the student. ...

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