- Entries A-Z
Broadly speaking, the idea of relativism is based on relations. Thus, epistemological relativism is the idea that the ways in which a certain group of people acquires knowledge are different from, and neither superior nor inferior to, the ways used by another group of people; ethical relativism, on the other hand, is the idea that a society's notions of right and wrong are unique to its social and historical conditions; and ontological relativism is the idea that notions of what constitutes reality and truth are also different from one perspective to another. Because relativism is often perceived as connoting radicalism, few philosophers and social scientists label themselves as relativists. However, traces of relativist thought are at the core of influential currents of modern thought such ...